Apprentice

An Apprentice is a worker who is enrolled in a certified apprenticeship program aimed to learn a trade from a licensed professional by completing hands-on field work and classroom hour requirements. After learning and hour requirements are satisfied, an Apprentice is eligible for a journeyman license to advance their career. Some examples of skilled trades in clean energy that allow apprenticeships are Electricians, Plumbers, Carpenters, HVACR Technicians, and Utility Workers.

Wind Turbine Service Technician

Inspect, diagnose, adjust, or repair wind turbines. Perform maintenance on wind turbine equipment including resolving electrical, mechanical, and hydraulic malfunctions.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

This technician climbs wind turbines to access work areas for service.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Diagnose problems involving wind turbine generators or control systems.
  • Climb wind turbine towers to inspect, maintain, or repair equipment.
  • Test electrical components of wind systems with devices, such as voltage testers, multimeters, oscilloscopes, infrared testers, or fiber optic equipment.
  • Start or restart wind turbine generator systems to ensure proper operations.
  • Troubleshoot or repair mechanical, hydraulic, or electrical malfunctions related to variable pitch systems, variable speed control systems, converter systems, or related components.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Field Service Technician, Maintenance and Service Wind Turbine Technician (OMS Wind Turbine Technician)

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$52,910

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Post-secondary Training or Associate's

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

1-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Repairing, Troubleshooting, Equipment Maintenance, Critical Thinking, Operation Monitoring, Complex Problem Solving, Active Listening, Monitoring, Reading Comprehension, Speaking

Cement Mason, Concrete Finisher, and Terrazzo

Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Cement masons inspect completed work to ensure proper installation.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Check the forms that hold the concrete to see that they are properly constructed.
  • Set the forms that hold concrete to the desired pitch and depth, and align them.
  • Spread, level, and smooth concrete, using rake, shovel, hand or power trowel, hand or power screed, and float.
  • Monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affect the curing of the concrete throughout the entire process.
  • Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, and straightedge.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Cement Finisher, Cement Mason

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$44,810

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Apprenticeship/Postsecondary Training

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Monitoring, Coordination, Quality Control Analysis, Speaking, Active Listening, Complex Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, Judgment and Decision Making

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Brickmasons and Blockmasons, Construction Carpenters, Terrazzo Workers and Finishers

Electrician

Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

A Journeyman Electrician is connecting offshore wind turbines to an onshore substation. The Journeyman Electrician complies with local codes and techniques learned during an apprenticeship.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Plan layout and installation of electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures, based on job specifications and local codes.
  • Connect wires to circuit breakers, transformers, or other components.
  • Test electrical systems or continuity of circuits in electrical wiring, equipment, or fixtures, using testing devices, such as ohmmeters, voltmeters, or oscilloscopes, to ensure compatibility and safety of system.
  • Use a variety of tools or equipment, such as power construction equipment, measuring devices, power tools, and testing equipment, such as oscilloscopes, ammeters, or test lamps.
  • Inspect electrical systems, equipment, or components to identify hazards, defects, or the need for adjustment or repair, and to ensure compliance with codes.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Chief Electrician, Inside Wireman

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$56,180

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Bachelor's Degree

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

1-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Troubleshooting, Repairing, Active Listening, Critical Thinking, Judgment and Decision Making, Installation, Active Learning, Complex Problem Solving, Equipment Maintenance, Instructing

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters, Elevator Installers and Repairers, Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics

Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Worker

Position and secure steel bars or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce concrete. Use a variety of fasteners, rod-bending machines, blowtorches, and hand tools. Includes rod busters.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Rebar workers review blueprints or specifications to determine work requirements.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Determine quantities, sizes, shapes, and locations of reinforcing rods from blueprints, sketches, or oral instructions.
  • Space and fasten together rods in forms according to blueprints, using wire and pliers.
  • Position and secure steel bars, rods, cables, or mesh in concrete forms, using fasteners, rod-bending machines, blowtorches, or hand tools.
  • Cut rods to required lengths, using metal shears, hacksaws, bar cutters, or acetylene torches.
  • Place blocks under rebar to hold the bars off the deck when reinforcing floors.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Field Ironworker, Iron Installer

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$49,100

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Apprenticeship/Postsecondary Training or High School Diploma

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Coordination, Critical Thinking

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Brickmasons and Blockmasons, Construction Carpenters, Rough Carpenters

Ironworker / Steelworker

Raise, place, and unite iron or steel girders, columns, and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May erect metal storage tanks and assemble prefabricated metal buildings.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Ironworkers install metal structural components for turbines.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Read specifications or blueprints to determine the locations, quantities, or sizes of materials required.
  • Connect columns, beams, and girders with bolts, following blueprints and instructions from supervisors.
  • Bolt aligned structural steel members in position for permanent riveting, bolting, or welding into place.
  • Fasten structural steel members to hoist cables, using chains, cables, or rope.
  • Hoist steel beams, girders, or columns into place, using cranes or signaling hoisting equipment operators to lift and position structural steel members.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Fitter / Welder, Iron Worker

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$55,040

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Apprenticeship/Postsecondary Training

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Coordination, Operation and Control, Operation Monitoring, Active Listening, Critical Thinking, Active Learning, Complex Problem Solving, Judgment and Decision Making, Monitoring, Quality Control Analysis

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Boilermakers, Brickmasons and Blockmasons, Construction Carpenters

Rigger

Set up or repair rigging for construction projects, manufacturing plants, logging yards, ships and shipyards, or for the entertainment industry.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Riggers attach rigging to objects so they can be moved.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Signal or verbally direct workers engaged in hoisting and moving loads to ensure safety of workers and materials.
  • Test rigging to ensure safety and reliability.
  • Attach loads to rigging to provide support or prepare them for moving, using hand and power tools.
  • Select gear such as cables, pulleys, and winches, according to load weights and sizes, facilities, and work schedules.
  • Control movement of heavy equipment through narrow openings or confined spaces, using chainfalls, gin poles, gallows frames, and other equipment.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Gantry Rigger, Hand Rigger

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$50,860

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Apprenticeship/Postsecondary Training

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Critical Thinking, Active Listening, Operation and Control, Complex Problem Solving, Judgment and Decision Making, Monitoring, Operation Monitoring

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Terrazzo Workers and Finishers, Pile-Driver Operators, Insulation Workers

Metal Furnace Operator, Tender, Pourer, and Caster

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Metal furnace operators adjust equipment controls to regulate coolant or gas flow.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Regulate supplies of fuel and air, or control flow of electric current and water coolant to heat furnaces and adjust temperatures.
  • Draw smelted metal samples from furnaces or kettles for analysis, and calculate types and amounts of materials needed to ensure that materials meet specifications.
  • Weigh materials to be charged into furnaces, using scales.
  • Record production data, and maintain production logs.
  • Observe air and temperature gauges or metal color and fluidity, and turn fuel valves or adjust controls to maintain required temperatures.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Arc / Argon Oxygen Decarborization Melter (ARC / AOD Melter), Automatic Furnace Operator

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$42,250

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Bachelor's Degree

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Operation Monitoring, Operation and Control, Monitoring, Active Listening, Complex Problem Solving, Critical Thinking, Quality Control Analysis, Reading Comprehension, Speaking

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic, Sawing Machine Setters, Operators and Tenders, Wood, Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators and Tenders

Welder

Use hand-welding, flame-cutting, hand soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Welders align parts or workpieces to ensure proper assembly.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Weld components in flat, vertical, or overhead positions.
  • Operate safety equipment and use safe work habits.
  • Examine workpieces for defects and measure workpieces with straightedges or templates to ensure conformance with specifications.
  • Recognize, set up, and operate hand and power tools common to the welding trade, such as shielded metal arc and gas metal arc welding equipment.
  • Weld separately or in combination, using aluminum, stainless steel, cast iron, and other alloys.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Brazer, Fabricator

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$42,490

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Bachelor's Degree

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Critical Thinking, Monitoring, Operation Monitoring, Time Management

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic, Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Print Binding and Finishing Workers

Crane Operator

Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machines, or products in many directions.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Crane Operators move blades or substructures using either control mechanisms or direct physical activity to operate machines or processes.

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Determine load weights and check them against lifting capacities to prevent overload.
  • Move levers, depress foot pedals, or turn dials to operate cranes, cherry pickers, electromagnets, or other moving equipment for lifting, moving, or placing loads.
  • Inspect and adjust crane mechanisms or lifting accessories to prevent malfunctions or damage.
  • Inspect cables or grappling devices for wear and install or replace cables, as needed.
  • Direct helpers engaged in placing blocking or outrigging under cranes.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Crane Operator, Heavy Equipment Operator

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$56,690

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Apprenticeship/Postsecondary Training

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

1-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Operation and Control, Operation Monitoring, Critical Thinking, Active Listening, Monitoring, Judgment and Decision Making, Reading Comprehension, Speaking, Time Management

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Pile-Driver Operators, Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators, Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators

Hoist and Winch Operator

Operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using power-operated cable equipment.

EXAMPLE SCENARIO

Hoist and Winch Operators are responsible for loading turbine blades onto a trailer

TYPICAL TASKS SRC

  • Move levers, pedals, and throttles to stop, start, and regulate speeds of hoist or winch drums in response to hand, bell, buzzer, telephone, loud-speaker, or whistle signals, or by observing dial indicators or cable marks.
  • Start engines of hoists or winches and use levers and pedals to wind or unwind cable on drums.
  • Observe equipment gauges and indicators and hand signals of other workers to verify load positions or depths.
  • Operate compressed air, diesel, electric, gasoline, or steam-driven hoists or winches to control movement of cableways, cages, derricks, draglines, loaders, railcars, or skips.
  • Move or reposition hoists, winches, loads and materials, manually or using equipment and machines such as trucks, cars, and hand trucks.

EXAMPLE JOB TITLES SRC

Electrical Traveling Overhead Crane Operator (ETOC Operator), Hoist Operator

MEDIAN PAY SRC

$59,720

EDUCATION & TRAINING LEVEL

Apprenticeship/Postsecondary Training

WORK EXPERIENCE REQUIRED

0-2 years

SKILLS & REQUIREMENTS

Critical Thinking, Monitoring, Operation Monitoring, Time Management, Active Listening, Operation and Control, Complex Problem Solving, Judgment and Decision Making, Social Perceptiveness, Speaking

SIMILAR OCCUPATIONS

Rail-Track Laying and Maintenance Equipment Operators, Service Unit Operators, Oil, Gas and Mining, Mine Cutting and Channeling Machine Operators